Quran School

The Rules of the letter ر (‘RA’)

بِسۡمِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

There are 2 categories as the letter can either be:ht

  1. Tafkheem (rough / thick) ﺗَﻔْﺨِﻴْﻢ
  2. Tarqeeq (soft / thin) ﺗَﺮْﻗِﻴْﻖ

Tafkheem

To produce this sound the back of the tongue rises in the mouth. This elevation of the tongue produces a thick or heavy sound.
There are 5 categories for when the produces a thick, round sound:

When it carries a fathah or dammah.

Example:

(91:13)رَسُولُ ٱللَّهِ
(91:14)فَعَقَرُوهَا

When it carries a sukoon and the letter before it carries a fathah or dammah;

Example :

(91:6) وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَىٰهَا
(91:14)فَعَقَرُوهَا

2 When it carries a sukoon  and the letter before it carries a fathah or dammah 

(91:6)وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَىٰهَا
(102:2) حَتَّىٰ زُرْتُمُ ٱلْمَقَابِرَ

When it carries a sukoon  and the letter before it carries a kasrah , and the letter after the is a rough letter (ista’ala) that doesn’t carry a kasrah.

(78:21)كَانَتْ مِرْصَادًاۙ  
  1. When it carries a sukoon  and the letter before it carries a ‘helping’ kasra (not an original kasra)
(89:28)ٱرْجِعِىٓ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكِ
  1. When it carries a sukoon  as a result of wanting to stop (therefore not an original sukoon), and the letter before it is not a ya  and carries a sukoon , and the letter before that has either a fathah or dammah 

Example :

103 : 2وَالۡعَصۡرِۙ‏
103 : 2 خُسۡرٍۙ‏
Tarqeeq

To produce this sound, the back of the tongue lowers so that a flat sound is produced.

There are 4 categories for when the produces a thin sound:

  1. When it carries a kasrah

Example :

79:36وَبُرِّزَتِ الْجَحِيْمُ 
80:37لِكُلِّ ٱمْرِئٍۢ مِّنْهُمْ

2. When it carries a sukoon and the letter before it carries an original kasra in the same word and a letter of ista’ala (thick) doesn’t follow it

79 : 17ٱذْهَبْ إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ
When it carries a sukoon (as a result
of stopping, either in the middle or end of an ayah) and the letter before it is a  (elongated or otherwise) and the carries a sukoon 

Example :

100 : 11 يَوْمَئِذٍۢ لَّخَبِيرٌۢ
85 : 11 ۚ ذَٰلِكَ ٱلْفَوْزُ ٱلْكَبِيرُ
4. When it carries a sukoon (due to stopping either in the middle or end of an ayah), and the letter before it is a letter of istifaal (thin) which carries a sukoon , and the letter before this carries a kasrah 

Example :

89 : 5 قَسَمٌۭ لِّذِى حِجْرٍ
Click ‘here‘ to view practice exercises for the rules of Hamza tul Qat’a
Back to list