Quran School

The Rules of Meem Saakina

بِسۡمِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
The rules of are called shafawee ( ﺷَﻔﻮي  ) as the makhraj of the is the lips (shafatain = pair of lips)

Idghaam Shafawee

  • Presence of a  followed by another 
  • The first one carries a  and the second carries a vowel
  • Hence, a  will be created and shown on the second 
  • Resulting in ghunnah, held for 2 counts


عَلَيْهِم مُّؤْصَدَةٌۭ104 : 8

Ikhfaa Shafawee

  • Presence of a followed by a 
  • The carries a saakin and the  carries a vowel
  • Ghunnah is pronounced, for 2 counts
  • The is concealed by the ghunnah

Another opinion in which this particular ghunnah is recited, is that the lips should remain slightly open, just enough as to allow a sheet of paper to pass through


تَرْمِيهِم بِحِجَارَةٍۢ 105:4
Click ‘here‘ to view practice exercises for the rules of Meem Saakina with ghunnah (Ikhfaa & Idghaam)

Ith-haar Shafawee

  • Presence of a followed by any letter other than or 
  • The carries a saakin (), and the second letter carries a vowel
  • There is no ghunnah, and the  is pronounced clearly,

Example :

رَبِّهِمْ جَنَّـٰتُ 98:8
Click ‘here‘ to view practice exercises for the rules of Meem Saakina without ghunnah (Ithhaar)