Quran School

The Letter Laam

The Letter ل (‘Laam’)

بِسۡمِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Like the letter ‘ra’, the letter ‘laam’ can also be pronounced as a thick / full mouth (tafkheem) or thin (tarqeeq) letter.

Tafkheem

To produce this sound, the tongue elevates in the mouth producing a thick/ heavy sound.

2 categories:

  1. The in the pronunciation of the name ‘Allah’ ﷲ , when it is preceded by a fathah or Dammah

Examples

fathah قُلْ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ 112 : 1
Dammah نَصْرُ ٱللَّهِ 110:1
The in the pronunciation of the name ‘Allah’ ﷲ ; when it is preceded by a sukoon , and the letter before that carries a fathah or Dammah 
Dammahوَلِتُكَبِّرُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ2:185
Dammahوَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ2:189

CAUTION!

If the letter preceding the name ‘Allah’ ﷲ is a thin one, be careful not to pronounce it thick as this can easily be done due to the letter laam being pronounced thick

2:7خَتَمَ ٱللَّهُ

The letter should be pronounced thin even though the laam is being pronounced thick

Tarqeeq

To produce this sound, the back of the tongue lowers so that a flat sound is produced

3 categories:

  1. The in the pronunciation of the name ‘Allah’ ﷲ when it is preceded by a kasra 
85:8 بِاللّٰهِ

82:19
يَوْمَئِذٍۢ لِّلَّهِ
  1. The in the pronunciation of the name ‘Allah’ ﷲ when it is preceded by a sukoon, and this is preceded by a kasra
3:144وَسَيَجْزِى ٱللَّهُ
  1. In all other instances
111:1لَهَبٍۢ
111 : 2مَالُهُۥ
Miscellaneous
When the letter preceding the name ‘Allah’ is a  , the harakaat of the letter preceding the  will determine if the in Allah’s name is pronounced thick or thin 
thickهَدَى ٱللَّهُ ۗ 2 : 143
Tarqeeq (thin)كَيْفَ يَهْدِى ٱللَّهُ3 : 86
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