Madd Followed Others



Madd caused / followed by other things


Madd Sila Madd Badal Madd Ewad Madd Al-Farq Madd Tamkeen


Madd Sila

This occurs when the possessive pronoun (shown as when attached to the previous letter), which denotes the 3rd person singular masculine, falls between 2 letters that carry a vowel.
Two types: Major (ﮐﺒﺮى) and Minor (ﺻﻐﺮى)
Requirements :

  • The possessive pronoun
  • Followed by hamzah () mutaharrik

Effect :

  • Elongate 2, 4 or 5 counts
  • Preferred 4 or 5

Further Notes :

  • Preferred elongation is 4 or 5 to illustrate that it is not the natural madd of just 2 counts
  • Those who have no or little knowledge of the Arabic language may not understand the usage of the possessive pronoun which basically refers to the third person singular masculine. A tiny / will be present to indicate this rule

The presence of a squiggly line indicates that it is preferred that the reader elongates it for more than 2 counts

  • If the carries a dammah (), will be present


  • If the carries a kasra (), will be present


   Extract from Verse (Surah:


Requirements :
  • The possessive pronoun
  • Followed by any letter other than hamzah ()
Effect :
  • Elongate 2 counts only
Further Notes :
  • A tiny / will be present , but this time there will be no squiggly line as its elongation is for only 2 counts, which is the same as the natural madd
There are 4 instances in the Qur'an where the rules of MADD SILA will not apply.
  1. Surah Al Furqan

Hafs lengthens it even though the letter preceding the 'ha' is saakin, and not mutaharrik


Hafs reads it with a sukoon () on the 'ha'. As it carries a , it would probably be read this way anyway

Madd Badal

This Madd follows the same principal as a normal madd; the difference being that the madd letter is a substitute for what was originally a hamzah.
Requirements :
  • It occurs when the letter preceding it is also hamzah
Effect :
  • Elongate 2 counts
Further Notes :
The original form of these words was  but a long vowel replaced the second hamzah for ease in pronunciation.

Madd 'Ewad

An alif which carries 2 fathahs ,is called fathahtain, and is written as
Requirements :
  • This madd occurs when the reader stops on the fathahtain ()
(For further information on stopping at tanween, refer to 'Rules of Waqf')
Effect :
  • Instead of pronouncing nunnation, the reader stops as though there is a natural madd with a
  • So it is like taking one of the off and being left with 1 fathah and an alif i.e. Natural madd
  • Elongate 2 counts
Further Notes :
  • This applies whether stopping in the middle or end of an ayah
  • However, if the letter is a ta marbutta () , then the rule of madd 'ewad will not apply. Instead, it is pronounced like carrying a , in which case the sifa of hems (continuation of breath) will be applied
Click 'here' to view practice exercises for the rules of Madd Ewad

Madd Al-Farq

  • This occurs in only 3 words in the Qur'an, each word appearing in 2 different places as the table below shows
  • Elongate 6 counts
NB It is actually a madd laazim kalimee, yet it is called farq as it differentiates between the word and the question indicator

Madd Tamkeen

Requirements :
  • When there is a carrying a and
  • Followed by 'Yaa' of elongation
Effect :
  • This will tighten the kasra () on the
  • Elongate 2 counts
replaces the 2nd Yaa

Click 'here'to view practice exercises for the rules of Madd Tamkeen
Click on the 'Summary
Chart for Madd
' link on the right hand sidebar to view a summarised

chart for the types and branches of Madd