- You must always begin a recitation with the ta'awwuth
'I seek refuge in Allah from the rejected shaitaan'
Allah () says in the Qur'an
'So when you recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from the shaitaan, the outcast (cursed one)'
Surah An Nahl (16:98)
'In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful'
- It is not said in the beginning of Surah At-Taubah - Surah 9 (it is not written).
- Alif in أَﻧﺎْ
The alif is always omitted due to not stressing the individual but focusing on Allah the Most High, and not one's self or nafs.
Therefore, the alif in أَﻧﺎْ is never recited whether continuing to recite, or if stopping.
- This applies only when the alif is the last letter of the word
- The following uses of Alif are affirmed upon stopping and omitted upon a continuous reading :
For the following 6 Alifs, the Alif is again omitted when continuing to recite, but when stopping it is elongated 2 counts. This applies whether stopping in the middle or end of an ayah.
- Alif in Surah Al-Kahf
- Alif in Surah Al-Ahzab (33:10)﴾﴿
- Alif in Surah Al-Ahzab (33:66)﴾﴿
- Alif in Surah Al-Ahzab (33:67)﴾﴿
- Alif in Suratul Insaan (76:16)﴾﴿
- Alif in Suratul Insaan
It is permissible in the case of stopping on the word to stop on the ,which then takes a .Omit the Alif / Madd and say Thus there are 2 possibilities in the case of stopping :
- To stop at the laam saakina without an alif after it
To stop on the alif after the laam
There are 4 places in the Qur'an where there is a small seen written either above or below the letter saad . The question arises as to which letter ( or ) should actually be read.
The following should help :
- In both the verses below, the reader should read the letter . The letter
should NOT be read even though it is written there
- In the following verse, the reader has the OPTION of reading either the or
- In the verse below the reader should only read the letter . The should NOT be read
Note: It is advisable that a note be made of this in your personal Qur'an so the correct letter is read whilst reciting these verses without any unnecessary confusion.
There are fourteen verses in the Qur'aan where prostration is to be performed during recitation. These verses are :
|No.||Extract from Verse||Surah : Verse|
What is Lahn (ﻟﺤﻦ)?
The word lahn literally means 'incorrect pronunciation'. In the Science of Tajweed, lahn can be described as:
'Failing to adhere to the rules of Tajweed whilst reciting the Qur'an'
There are 2 types of lahn:
- Jalee (ﺟﻠﻲ)- major or obvious
- Khafee (ﺧﻔﻲ)- minor or not obvious
- Not to pronounce the letters from their correct origins and their respective qualities
- To make any addition to the words
- To make omissions
- To replace a Harakah (dammah, fathah, kasrah) with a sukoon
- To replace a sukoon
Reading the Qur'an whilst being guilty of Lahney Khafee is makrooh (undesirable, not commendable).
It does not necessarily alter the meaning of the Qur'an. However, it does
deprive the Holy Qur'an of its real elegance and beauty.
EXAMPLES OF LAHNEY KHAFEE: