Finishing Touches

Supplication to begin reading

At-ta'awwuth (ﺗَﻌَﻮّذ)

  • You must always begin a recitation with the ta'awwuth

'I seek refuge in Allah from the rejected shaitaan'

  • Allah () says in the Qur'an

'So when you recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from the shaitaan, the outcast (cursed one)'

Surah An Nahl (16:98)

Basmala (ﺑَﺴْﻤَﻠَﻪ)

'In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful'

  • It is not said in the beginning of Surah At-Taubah - Surah 9 (it is not written).

  1. Alif in أَﻧﺎْ

The alif is always omitted due to not stressing the individual but focusing on Allah the Most High, and not one's self or nafs.
Therefore, the alif in أَﻧﺎْ is never recited whether continuing to recite, or if stopping.

  • This applies only when the alif is the last letter of the word
  • The following uses of Alif are affirmed upon stopping and omitted upon a continuous reading :

For the following 6 Alifs, the Alif is again omitted when continuing to recite, but when stopping it is elongated 2 counts. This applies whether stopping in the middle or end of an ayah.

  1. Alif in Surah Al-Kahf


/ below the letter

There are 4 places in the Qur'an where there is a small seen written either above or below the letter saad . The question arises as to which letter ( or ) should actually be read.
The following should help :

  • In both the verses below, the reader should read the letter . The letter
    should NOT be read even though it is written there
  1. ﴿
  2. ﴿
  • In the following verse, the reader has the OPTION of reading either the or


  • In the verse below the reader should only read the letter . The should NOT be read

Note: It is advisable that a note be made of this in your personal Qur'an so the correct letter is read whilst reciting these verses without any unnecessary confusion.

Prostration during Recitation

There are fourteen verses in the Qur'aan where prostration is to be performed during recitation. These verses are :

 No. Extract from Verse Surah : Verse  
1 (7:206)
2 (13:15)


5 (19:58)
6 (22:18)
7 (25:60)

9 (32:15)
10 (38:24)

12 (53:62)
13 (84:21)
14 (96:19)


What is Lahn (ﻟﺤﻦ)?

The word lahn literally means 'incorrect pronunciation'. In the Science of Tajweed, lahn can be described as:

'Failing to adhere to the rules of Tajweed whilst reciting the Qur'an'

There are 2 types of lahn:

  1. Jalee (ﺟﻠﻲ)- major or obvious
  2. Khafee (ﺧﻔﻲ)- minor or not obvious

Lahney Jalee

  1. Not to pronounce the letters from their correct origins and their respective qualities


To recite أَﻟْﺤَﻤْﺪُ as
To recite ﻳَﺮِثُ as ﻳَﺮِسُ
To recite ﻃَﻴْﺮً as ﺗَﻴْﺮً
To recite ﺻَﺪَقَ as ﺻَﺪَكَ
To recite أَﻧْﻌَﻤْﺖَ as أَﻧْﺌَﻤْﺖَ
  1. To make any addition to the words


To recite إِﻳَّﺎكَ as إِﻳّﺎﻛَﺎ
  1. To make omissions


To recite إِﻧَّﺎ as إِنَّ
To recite اَﻟّﺬِيْ as اَﻟّﺬِ
To recite ﻓَﻘُﻮْﻻ as ﻓَﻘُﻼَ
  1. To replace a Harakah (dammah, fathah, kasrah) with a sukoon


To recite ﺧَﻠَﻘَﻚَ as ﺧَﻠَﻘْﻚَ
To recite ﺳَﺮَقَ as ﺳَﺮْقَ
  1. To replace a sukoon
    a harakah


To recite أَوْﺣٰﻰ as أَوَﺣٰﻰ
To recite وَاﻟْﻔَﺠْﺮِ as وَاﻟْﻔَﺠَﺮِ
To recite ﺗَﺠْﺮِيْ as ﺗَﺠَﺮِيْ

Lahney Khafee

Reading the Qur'an whilst being guilty of Lahney Khafee is makrooh (undesirable, not commendable).
It does not necessarily alter the meaning of the Qur'an. However, it does
deprive the Holy Qur'an of its real elegance and beauty.

  1. To overlook the rules of the thick / full mouth (tafkheem) letters and the thin / empty mouth (tarqeeq) letters.
  2. Not to adhere to the rules of ith'har, idghaam and ikhfaa in their respective places whilst reciting the Qur'an.
  3. Not to prolong a letter when a Madd is present