The Importance of Tajweed Al Qur'an
The definition of Tajweed:
“Tajweed” in Arabic, literally comes from the word “Jawda”, which means quality and goodness. And “Tajweed “is to recite Quran in a proficient way that you pronounce each letter of it correctly. In other words, to give every letter its rights and dues as required depending on its phonetic environment.
The purpose of Tajweed:
Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says:
“And those who disbelieve say, "Why was the Qur'an not revealed to him all at once?" Thus [it is] that We may strengthen thereby your heart. And We have spaced it distinctly.” 25:32
“Those to whom We have given the Book recite it with its true recital. They [are the ones who] believe in it. And whoever disbelieves in it - it is they who are the losers.” 2.121
“Or add to it, and recite the Qur'an with measured recitation.” 73:4
The prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him says):
"He is not of us, he who doesn't recite the Qur'an in a melodious voice."Sahih Bukhari
"Beautify the Qur'an with your voices" Sunan Abi Dawood, v.2. Book of Prayer.
"The one who is proficient in the recitation of the Qur'an will be with the honourable and obedient scribes (angels) and he who recites the Qur'an and finds it difficult to recite, doing his best to recite it in the best way possible, will have a double reward.''Al-Bukhari and Muslim
In the Ayaat and Hadiths I stated above, Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala orders prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) to recite the Quran with measured recitation. Thus, it is a must for every Muslim to try his best so that he can recite Quran accurately as it was revealed to prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him).
The first reason why Quran should be recited with Tajweed is because it is the words of Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.
The Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) learned the Quran with Tajweed, in a measured recitation from Jebreel (peace be upon him).
The Quran is in Arabic. Therefore, it is a must to learn the Arabic phonology to recite the Quran in Tajweed. For each letter in Arabic there is a particular Makhraj (a place of articulation) and a (Sifah feature, characteristic, attribute) which distinguish it from the other letters. Thus, knowing each letter’s Sifah and Mukhraj is very important for Tajweed.
Learning Tajweed avoids from reciting Quran incorrectly because there are two kinds of mistakes (lahn) that one may commit if they do not know Tajweed:
Lahn that may change a letter, word or a verse… And this is considered to be a GREAT MISTAKE because it causes to change the Quran.
Lahn that doesn’t make any change but it is considered to be inaccurate way of recitation. This kind of Lahn is considered to be a small mistake.
Muhammad bin Al-Jazaree the great scholar of Qur'an and Hadith says in his famous poem (Mathn Al Ajroumiya) in the rules of Tajweed:
“And applying Tajweed when reciting Quran is an essential condition…. Whoever doesn’t recite Quran with Tajweed, a sinner is he”
"و الأخذ بالتجويد شرط لازم من لم يجود القرآن آثم"
Learning Tajweed leads to reciting Al Quran in the same way it was revealed to the prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him).
Edited by Monir Sider