Quran School

Madd Caused by Hamza

Hamza
بِسۡمِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

These are of two types :

Mutasil Waajib  ﻣﺪ ‌ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ‌واﺟﺐ (Obligatory connected Madd)
Munfasil Jaa’iz ﻣﺪ ‌ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻞ ‌ﺟﺎﺋﺰ (Permitted separate Madd)
Mutasil Waajib

Requirements :

  • Natural Madd letter
  • Followed by a hamza (ء) in the same (‌ﻣﺘﺼﻞ) word

Effect :

  • The sound is elongated by 4 or 5 counts obligatory (‌واﺟﺐ)

Further Notes :

  • If recitation is stopped , it is elongated 4, 5 or 6 counts

Examples :

110 : 1إِذَا جَآءَ
13 : 25وَلَهُمْ سُوٓءُ ٱلدَّارِ
89 : 23وَجِا۟ىٓءَ يَوْمَئِذٍۭ بِجَهَنَّمَ ۚ
Munfasil Jaa’iz

Requirements :

  • Natural Madd letter
  • Followed by a hamza (ء) in the next/separate (ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻞ) word

Effect :

  • The sound is elongated by 4 or 5 counts
  • However, according to the way of Tayyibah outlined by Imam Ibn Al-Jazaree in An-Nashr, it is permissable to shorten it to 2 counts, hence its name ‘jaa’iz’

Examples :

108:1إِنَّآ أَعْطَيْنَـٰكَ

66:6قُوۡۤا اَنۡفُسَكُمۡ
106:4ٱلَّذِىٓ أَطْعَمَهُم

Exercise – Identify the Munfasil Jaa’iz Madd, then click on ‘answer’

NB :
For non-arabic speaking people, it may not always be clear as to whether the hamzah is part of the first word, or the second.
يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا(2:21)  يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا

The bottom example (2:21)  is how it will appear in the Qur’an, the top example is the make-up of this.

It seems that the hamzah is part of the first word, when actually it is part of the second. Therefore, as a general rule, it may be safer for such people who are not 100% sure to remain consistent with their counts for both mutasil and munfasil – i.e choose the same length of elongation for both, either the 4 or 5 counts.
Click on the ‘Summary
Chart for Madd
‘ link on the right hand sidebar to view a summarized chart for the types and branches of Madd.
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