the letter meem

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The Rules of Meem Saakina

 

 

Idghaam Ikhfaa Ith'haar

The rules of are called shafawee ( ﺷَﻔﻮي ) as the makhraj of the is the lips (shafatain = pair of lips)

 

Idghaam Shafawee

  • Presence of a  followed by another 
  • The first one carries a and the second carries a vowel
  • Hence, a  will be created and shown on the second 
  • Resulting in ghunnah, held for 2 counts

Example

Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Audio
(104:8)

(106:4)

Ikhfaa Shafawee

  • Presence of a followed by a 
  • The carries a saakin and the  carries a vowel
  • Ghunnah is pronounced, for 2 counts The is concealed by the ghunnah

Another opinion in which this particular ghunnah is recited, is that the lips should remain slightly open, just enough as to allow a sheet of paper to pass through

Example

Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Audio
(105:4)

(88:22)

 

Click ‘here‘ to view practice exercises for the rules of Meem Saakina with ghunnah (Ikhfaa
& Idghaam)

Ith-haar Shafawee

  • Presence of a followed by any letter other than  or 
  • The carries a saakin (),  and the second letter carries a vowel

  • There is no ghunnah, and the  is pronounced clearly,

 

Example

Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Audio
(98:8)

(98:8)

 

Click ‘here‘ to view practice exercises for the rules of Meem Saakina without ghunnah (Ithhaar)

 

SUMMARY

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Click here
to view a printable chart depicting rules of  Meem Saakin (مْ)

 

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