The Letter Laam

The Letter ل (‘Laam’)

Like the letter ‘ra’, the letter ‘laam’ can also be pronounced as a thick / full mouth (tafkheem) or thin (tarqeeq) letter.

Tafkheem

To produce this sound, the tongue elevates in the mouth producing a thick/ heavy sound.

2 categories:

  1. The in the pronunciation of the name ‘Allah’ , when it is preceded by a fathah  or Dammah

Examples

  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse
fathah

(112:1)

Dammah

(110:1)

  1. The in the pronunciation of the name ‘Allah’  ; when it is preceded by a sukoon , and the letter before that carries a fathah or Dammah 
  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse
Dammah

(2:185)

Dammah

(2:189)

CAUTION!

If the letter preceding the name ‘Allah’   is a thin one, be careful not to pronounce it thick as this can easily be done due to the letter laam being pronounced thick

E.g

(2:7)

The letter should be pronounced thin even though the laam is being pronounced thick

Click ‘here‘ to view practice exercises for the rules of Tafkheem

 

Tarqeeq

To produce this sound, the back of the tongue lowers so that a flat sound is produced

3 categories:

  1. The in the pronunciation of the name ‘Allah’    when it is preceded by a kasra 
E.g

(85:8)

 

(82:19)

  1. The in the pronunciation of the name ‘Allah’   when it is preceded by a sukoon, and this is preceded by a kasra
E.g

(3:144)

  1. In all other instances
E.g

(111:1)

 

(111:2)

 

(108:2)

Click ‘here‘ to view practice exercises for the rules of Tarqeeq

Miscellaneous

When the letter preceding the name ‘Allah’ is a , the harakaat of the letter preceding the  will determine if the in Allah’s name is pronounced thick or thin

 

  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse
Tafkheem (thick)

(2:143)

Tarqeeq (thin)

(3:86)

 

Read PDF File

Click on the ‘Summary
Chart
‘ link on the right hand sidebar to view a summarised chart for
the rules of the letter ‘LAAM’ ()

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