- You must always begin a recitation with the ta’awwuth
‘I seek refuge in Allah from the rejected shaitaan’
Allah () says in the Qur’an
‘So when you recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from the shaitaan, the outcast (cursed one)’
Surah An Nahl (16:98)
It can be said quietly or aloud when one is reading alone, but if reading in a group, the first will say it aloud and then the other readers should say it quietly before their recitation
‘In the Name of Allah, Most Beneficient, Most Merciful’
- If one begins the recitation at the beginning of a surah, the reader should say the Basmala (as part of the surah), but if the reader starts in the middle of the surah, the reader has a choice of saying the Basmala after the ta’awwuth or just saying the ta’awwuth
- It is obligatory in Surah Al- Fatihah according to the Shafi’i school
- According to all, it is not said in the beginning of Surah At-Taubah – Surah 9 (it is not written)
Rules of reciting the Basmala between two surahs
Not joining the end of the previous surah with the basmala of the next surah and not joining the basmala with the words of that surah. The reader would not stop at each of these points
Stopping at the end of the surah, but then joining the basmala with the beginning of the next surah
The opposite of this: joining the end of the surah with the basmala of the next surah and then stopping, and then beginning the next surah by itself, is FORBIDDEN
Connecting everything together, the end of the previous surah with the basmala and also the basmala with the beginning of the following surah
NB For Surah Taubah, you either stop at the end of the previous surah or join onto the first ayah of Surah Taubah. There is no partial connection option as there is no basmala
Click here to view a printable chart that depicts the rules of basmala between two surahs
- This applies only when the alif is the last letter of the word
- The following uses of Alif are affirmed upon stopping and omitted upon a continuous reading :
- Alif in أَﻧﺎْ
This means ‘I’ in the English language. The alif is always omitted due to not stressing the individual but focussing on Allah the Most High, and not ones self or nafs
Therefore, the alif in أَﻧﺎ ْ
is never recited whether continuing to recite, or if stopping
For the following 6 Alifs, the Alif is again omitted when continuing to recite, but when stopping it is elongated 2 counts. This applies whether stopping in the middle or end of an ayah.
- Alif in Surah Al-Kahf
- Alif in Surah Al-Ahzab (33:10)﴾﴿
- Alif in Surah Al-Ahzab (33:66)﴾﴿
- Alif in Surah Al-Ahzab (33:67)﴾﴿
- Alif in Suratul Insaan (76:16)﴾﴿
- Alif in Suratul Insaan
It is permissible in the case of stopping on the word to stop on the ,which then takes a .Omit the Alif / Madd and say Thus there are 2 possibilities in the case of stopping :
- To stop at the laam saakina without an alif after it
To stop on the alif after the laam
There are 4 places in the Qur’an where there is a small seen written either above or below the letter saad . The question arises as to which letter ( or ) should actually be read.
The following should help :
- In both the verses below, the reader should read the letter . The letter
should NOT be read even though it is written there
- In the following verse, the reader has the OPTION of reading either the or
- In the verse below the reader should only read the letter . The should NOT be read
Note: It is advisable that a note be made of this in your personal Qur’an so the correct letter is read whilst reciting these verses without any unnecessary confusion.
(source: Ahsan-ut-Tajweed. Mufti Muhammad Noman Daji (Al-Qaasmi) Moulana Ilyas Kola)
There are fourteen verses in the Qur’aan where prostration is to be performed during recitation. These verses are :
|No.||Extract from Verse||Surah : Verse|
What is Lahn (ﻟﺤﻦ)?
The word lahn literally means ‘incorrect pronunciation’. In
the Science of Tajweed, lahn can be described as:
‘Failing to adhere to the rules of Tajweed whilst reciting the Qur’an’
There are 2 types of lahn:
- Jalee (ﺟﻠﻲ)- major or obvious
- Khafee (ﺧﻔﻲ)- minor or not obvious
To recite the Qur’an whilst being guilty of Lahney Jalee is haraam and to do so intentionally can plunge into the act of a major in, so much that it can lead one to the brink of kufr. Whereas to commit Lahney Khafee is makrooh (undesirable, not commendable).
- Not to pronounce the letters from their correct origins and their respective qualities
- To make any addition to the words
- To make omissions
- To replace a Harakah (dammah, fathah, kasrah) with a sukoon
- To replace a sukoon
Reading the Qur’an whilst being guilty of Lahney Khafee is makrooh.
It does not necessarily alter the meaning of the Qur’an. However, it does
deprive the Holy Qur’an of its real elegance and beauty.
EXAMPLES OF LAHNEY KHAFEE:
- To overlook the rules of the thick / full mouth (tafkheem) letters and the thin / empty mouth (tarqeeq) letters.
- Not to adhere to the rules of ith’har, idghaam and ikhfaa in their respective places whilst reciting the Qur’an.
- Not to prolong a letter when a Madd is present
(soure: Basic Tajweed for Primary Madris. Shaykh Hasib Ahmed Ibn Yusuf Mayet)
Click here to view a printable chart depicting the types of lahn