It can be said quietly or aloud when one is reading alone, but if reading in a group, the first will say it aloud and then the other readers should say it quietly before their recitation
‘In the Name of Allah, Most Beneficient, Most Merciful’
If one begins the recitation at the beginning of a surah, the reader should say the Basmala (as part of the surah), but if the reader starts in the middle of the surah, the reader has a choice of saying the Basmala after the ta’awwuth or just saying the ta’awwuth
It is obligatory in Surah Al- Fatihah according to the Shafi’i school
According to all, it is not said in the beginning of Surah At-Taubah – Surah 9 (it is not written)
Rules of reciting the Basmala between two surahs
Not joining the end of the previous surah with the basmala of the next surah and not joining the basmala with the words of that surah. The reader would not stop at each of these points
Stopping at the end of the surah, but then joining the basmala with the beginning of the next surah
The opposite of this: joining the end of the surah with the basmala of the next surah and then stopping, and then beginning the next surah by itself, is FORBIDDEN
Connecting everything together, the end of the previous surah with the basmala and also the basmala with the beginning of the following surah
NB For Surah Taubah, you either stop at the end of the previous surah or join onto the first ayah of Surah Taubah. There is no partial connection option as there is no basmala
Click here to view a printable chart that depicts the rules of basmala between two surahs
This applies only when the alif is the last letter of the word
The following uses of Alif are affirmed upon stopping and omitted upon a continuous reading :
This means ‘I’ in the English language. The alif is always omitted due to not stressing the individual but focussing on Allah the Most High, and not ones self or nafs
Therefore, the alif in أَﻧﺎ ْ is never recited whether continuing to recite, or if stopping
For the following 6 Alifs, the Alif is again omitted when continuing to recite, but when stopping it is elongated 2 counts. This applies whether stopping in the middle or end of an ayah.
The word lahn literally means ‘incorrect pronunciation’. In the Science of Tajweed, lahn can be described as:
‘Failing to adhere to the rules of Tajweed whilst reciting the Qur’an’
There are 2 types of lahn:
Jalee (ﺟﻠﻲ)- major or obvious
Khafee (ﺧﻔﻲ)- minor or not obvious
To recite the Qur’an whilst being guilty of Lahney Jalee is haraam and to do so intentionally can plunge into the act of a major in, so much that it can lead one to the brink of kufr. Whereas to commit Lahney Khafee is makrooh (undesirable, not commendable).
Not to pronounce the letters from their correct origins and their respective qualities
To make any addition to the words
To make omissions
To replace a Harakah (dammah, fathah, kasrah) with a sukoon
To replace a sukoon with a harakah
Reading the Qur’an whilst being guilty of Lahney Khafee is makrooh. It does not necessarily alter the meaning of the Qur’an. However, it does deprive the Holy Qur’an of its real elegance and beauty.
EXAMPLES OF LAHNEY KHAFEE:
To overlook the rules of the thick / full mouth (tafkheem) letters and the thin / empty mouth (tarqeeq) letters.
Not to adhere to the rules of ith’har, idghaam and ikhfaa in their respective places whilst reciting the Qur’an.
Not to prolong a letter when a Madd is present
(soure: Basic Tajweed for Primary Madris. Shaykh Hasib Ahmed Ibn Yusuf Mayet)
Click here to view a printable chart depicting the types of lahn