Madd with Alif Let’s produce an ‘aa’ sound (2 counts) : letter followed by alif and vowelled with a fathah Now let’s practise and perfect..
Madd Laazim kalimee Here’s when we MUST stretch the sound for 6 counts
Madd caused / followed by other things Madd Sila This occurs when the possessive pronoun (shown as when attached to the previous letter), which denotes the 3rd person singular masculine, falls between 2 letters that carry a vowel. Two types: Major (ﮐﺒﺮى) and Minor (ﺻﻐﺮى) MAJOR Requirements : The possessive pronoun […]
Madd Laazim Harfee Some surahs start like this.
Madd caused / followed by a sukoon () or shaddah () MADD ‘AARID LI SUKOON This occurs when there is a sukoon placed on a letter by the reader due to topping in the recitation (whether in the middle or end of an ayah) Requirement : Natural madd letter Followed by a sukoon […]
Madd Caused by Hamza These are of two types : Mutasil Waajib ﻣﺪﻣﺘﺼﻞ واﺟﺐ (Obligatory connected Madd) Munfasil Jaa’iz ﻣﺪ ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻞ ﺟﺎﺋﺰ (Permitted separate Madd) Mutasil Waajib Requirements : Natural Madd letter Followed by a hamza (ء) in the same (ﻣﺘﺼﻞ) word Effect : The sound is elongated by 4 or 5 counts […]
The Rules of Madd Madd means to prolong the sound of a vowel. The minimum prolongation of a vowel is to the measure of two vowels (2 counts), which is equal to the measure of one alif. NATURAL MADD (ﻣﺪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ) This is pronounced from the jawf, for two counts Madd […]
Kasrahtain Double vowel ‘kasrah’ producing an ‘in‘ sound Now let’s practise and perfect..
Idghaam Note : the letter with the sukoon is not pronounced.
Idghaam (إِدﻏﺎم) Outside the rules of or Tanween, Idghaam can also occur in the Qur’an due to certain circumstances as will be mentioned now in this section Idghaam can be separated into 3 different categories: Idghaam Mutamaathilain (Idghaamof 2 identical letters) This occurs when 2 same letters are found together, the first is […]