Madd Followed Sukhoon

Madd caused / followed by a sukoon () or shaddah ()     MADD ‘AARID LI SUKOON This occurs when there is a sukoon placed on a letter by the reader due to topping in the recitation (whether in the middle or end of an ayah) Requirement : Natural madd letter Followed by a sukoon […]

Madd Followed Hamza

    Madd Caused by Hamza These are of two types : Mutasil Waajib  ﻣﺪ‌ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ‌واﺟﺐ (Obligatory connected Madd) Munfasil Jaa’iz ﻣﺪ ‌ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻞ ‌ﺟﺎﺋﺰ (Permitted separate Madd) Mutasil Waajib Requirements : Natural Madd letter Followed by a hamza (ء) in the same (‌ﻣﺘﺼﻞ) word Effect : The sound is elongated by 4 or 5 counts […]


    The Rules of Madd Madd means to prolong the sound of a vowel. The minimum prolongation of a vowel is to the measure of two vowels (2 counts), which is equal to the measure of one alif. NATURAL MADD (ﻣﺪ ‌ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ) This is pronounced from the jawf, for two counts     Madd […]

Lesson 13 Kasrahtain

Kasrahtain Double vowel ‘kasrah’ producing an ‘in‘ sound For a more detailed tajweed explanation, click here.   Now let’s practise and perfect..


Idghaam (إِدﻏﺎم) Outside the rules of or Tanween, Idghaam can also occur in the Qur’an due to certain circumstances as will be mentioned now in this section Idghaam can be separated into 3 different categories:     Idghaam Mutamaathilain (Idghaamof 2 identical letters) This occurs when 2 same letters are found together, the first is […]